|Published online: May 26, 2015||$US5.00|
Since antiquity, there have been many new planning systems and styles that have emerged, transformed, developed, and/or failed. Although it has not always been favoured by urban designers and planners, the grid of rectilinear intersecting streets and blocks has remained resilient and an essential design element in the planning of settlements. This is partially due to its adaptability and flexibility in the retrofitting of infrastructure, crucial to the survival of cities and their inhabitants. This study explores the continuation and adaptation of gridded urban forms in relation to the retrofitting of infrastructure particularly transport networks. Through a qualitative analysis and bibliographic review technical in nature, it traces the history of urban planning, and public transport infrastructure, particularly the development of surface and underground railways in grid planning systems. Findings are compared with those from non-grid, specifically organically developed, settlements.
|Keywords:||Grid, Non-grid and Organic Settlements, Retrofitting Above-ground and Underground Railway Infrastructure|
The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies, Volume 9, Issue 2, May 2015, pp.1-11. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: May 26, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 863.105KB)).
PhD Candidate, Melbourne School Design, Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia